Popular music is music that is easy to hear, accessible in form. Many works of classical music are much more popular than the works of other pop groups, but if we consider popular music as a genre, as a special trend in human culture, then actual popularity will not be a determining factor. The determining factor is the ease of perception and, in most cases, the calculation of success with the mass listener. This calculation, of course, is far from always mercantile: when the 16-year-old Consuelo Velazquez composed Bessame mucho, she, later claimed, did not at all hope that this song would become so famous. But at the same time, this girl originally composed a song in the genre of popular music, inventing a short lyrical song with a bright, catchy melody. Such characteristics are ideal components of popular music.
All popular music is based on folk songs and dances. Since ancient times, in various parts of the world, musical creativity has been gradually divided into different types: folk music and music for the nobility, church, or sacred music, festive dances and military marches, wedding, agricultural, funeral songs, etc.
Popular music was formed on the basis, first of all, of entertaining genres. The songs that roaming musicians performed in the Middle Ages to entertain the public at fairs, festivals, all kinds of love couplets and dance tunes can be considered the earliest forms of popular music. More serious genres, such as sacred music or all kinds of ceremonial works, became the basis of what is now called classical music.
In Western Europe, a form of song called a ballad developed. Most often, it was a sequential story: the story of a person's life, a war, a description of a battle or tragic love. Often these ballads were combined with theatrical performances, were part of some kind of performance.